Their arrival in South Vietnam in July 1962 was the beginning of Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War. By the end of 1965, Canberra had remitted the equivalent of $US13 million in aid. However, early on in the war the sentiment was much more positive. The arrival of the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV) in South Vietnam during July and August 1962 was the beginning of Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War. The Menzies government signed the ANZUS treaty, joined SEATO and provided financial aid and support to South Vietnam. The advance of Japanese imperial forces into the Asia-Pacific brought an aggressive imperial power close to Australia’s shores. There were never more than 7,700 Australian combat troops deployed in Vietnam at any one time. Australia’s involvement in Vietnam was driven by a fear of communist expansion in Asia and the government’s desire to align itself with the United States. In December 1967, prime minister Harold Holt disappeared while swimming at Portsea. Australia was still a British colony (they would only gain full independence after the Australia Act in … Explain the reasons why Australia became involved in the Vietnam War Australia had multiple reasons which led to her involvement in the Vietnam War. Menzies claimed that trade unions and the Labor Party, then Australia’s party of government, had been infiltrated by communist agents and agitators. There were two important reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War: 1.Fear of Communism 2. Authors: Jennifer Llewellyn, Jim Southey, Steve Thompson However, the … Prior to World War II, Australia’s foreign policy was strongly influenced by Britain. your own paper. In April 1965, Menzies announced the dispatch of the first Australian combat troops to Vietnam. Date published: July 2, 2019 In 1950 as the communist-backed Viet Minh, led by Ho Chi Minh, began to gain the ascendency in the First Indochina War, the Vietnamese nation had two parallel administrations; the Dem… Despite these losses, the Menzies government remained committed to assisting South Vietnam for up to ten years – but this support, they said, would remain focused on training and logistics. During this time they could be deployed in Vietnam. This reliance was undermined by the events of World War II. This video is unavailable. Australia had suffered greatly from the Great Depression and had witnessed its armed forces decrease in size and effectiveness. our expert writers, Hi, my name is Jenn The official death toll was 521, the third-largest of any conflict Australia had joined, but far smaller than those of the two world wars. Why Australia became involved in the Vietnam War: The reasons as to why Australia became involved i n the Vietnam War have been traditionally painted in the colours of "collective security" and as part of the anti -Communist "crusade" to contain a world wide communist threat. ... but influenced Australia's later commitment of troops to the war in Vietnam. This reason is pretty straightforward and is linked to the fear of communism. There were many reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War, including the allegiance commitments of South-East Asia Treaty... joined in the Vietnam War, Australia supported them to join the war as well. There were reasons why Australia became involved in the Vietnam War by supporting the government of South Vietnam. Following the end of the Second World War the French had sought to reassert control over French Indochina. Australia sent contingents from the three services to fight with the […] Obligations to Allies Fear of Communism In the period following WWII there was a growing fear within Australia … Menzies hoped to raise 8,000 troops each year via the National Service program. Though its membership was never large, the CPA was a prominent and outspoken group. However, early on in the war the sentiment was much more positive. Through the 1950s Menzies’ government attempted to assert Australia’s importance in the Asia-Pacific region. The main reasons that the Australians were involved were the fear of communism, the forward defence policy and Australia’s commitment of troops to the United States and the two alliance agreements. In conclusion, the involvement of Australia in the Vietnam War was because of the fear of communism to support democracy, the forward defence policy to not fight in Australian soil and supporting the two alliance agreements, especially the United States. The main reason that made Australia involved in the Vietnam War was the fear of communism. In private he expressed the view that this was no way to treat an ally. 190 Australia and the Vietnam War era 5Australia and the In this topic you will learn about: Australia’s response to the threat of communism in Asia after WWII including: — the Korean War — the ANZUS Treaty — the SEATO Alliance the response to the threat of communism within Australia including: — the referendum to ban the Communist Party Australian society and politics were also affected by Cold War paranoia. There were 7 main reasons for Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war, they were; It became apparent that Britain was incapable and perhaps unwilling to assist with the defence of Australia. There are numerous reasons for Australia participating in World War II. i neeed an answer by saturday thanks :) The leaders of North Vietnam and South Vietnamese insurgents were painted in simple terms as communists. A multilateral body for collective defence against communist aggression, SEATO was effectively an ‘Asian NATO’. Arthur Calwell, explaining his party’s opposition to involvement in Vietnam, April 1965 “The Menzies government has made a reckless decision on Vietnam which this nation may live to regret. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. As a result, to overcome communism, Australia duty was to fight in the Vietnam War to prevent the domino effect and communism reaching Australia’s shore. Australia’s reasons for involvement in the Vietnam War consisted of a variety of influences that, combined, created a strong justification as to why troops should be sent there. The war mainly involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to protect South Vietnam from the communist North Vietnam. Intimations of defeat leavened the journalists’ copy: not only was the war a crime, it was also a losing battle.” Johnson’s visit to Australia did encounter some small but visible anti-war protests. Around 60,000 Australian military personnel served in Vietnam during the course of the war. Therefore, sending Australian troops to Vietnam was a move to support democracy. Therefore, it was critical for the Australians to help the United States in the Vietnam War because they were there closest allies and Australia had to pay off debt when United States helped Australia in world war two. Even after its federation and nominal independence in 1901, Australia’s foreign policy was for years strongly influenced by Britain. There were a number of long-term and short-term reasons to explain why the USA became involved in Vietnam in the late 1950s. This aid package received widespread support in Australia, both from the general population and both sides of politics. Menzies’ banning of the CPA was later declared unconstitutional by the High Court, then blocked by a nationwide referendum. There were several deadly ambushes and patrol clashes, but no major battles. In June 1966, Holt visited Washington DC and held talks with US president Lyndon Johnson and other American political and military leaders. It also sought to maintain and strengthen its wartime ties with the US. On 29 April, Prime Minister Robert Menzies announced to Parliament that Australia would send combat troops to South Vietnam. Some of the reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War were mostly to do with the fear of communism and using the “forward defence” strategy to prevent the domino theory from happening. Reasons for australia involvement in the vietnam war essay >>> next Virginia state essay questions подбор устройств, расчет проекта ap united states history course and exam description effective fall 2014 the college board new york sample exam. In my opinion many Australians saw this as an unjust war which Australia should have played no part in. The war mainly involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to protect South Vietnam from the communist North Vietnam. The Australians were involved in the Vietnam War from 1962 until 1972. In September 1957, Ngo Dinh Diem undertook a brief tour of Australia, where Australia’s leaders and its press hailed Diem as the “strong man of the South”, “incorruptible and intensely patriotic” and “the type of Asian leader whose straight talk and courageous manner should be valued”. REASONS FOR INVOLVEMENT  One of the central reasons influencing Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War was the domino theory (as already mentioned). my task is to discuss how: belief in the domino theory and the fear of communism supported Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war? The Americans provided valuable support when they arrived at our aid during the WWII […] Australians feared infiltration of unions and political parties by communists, as well as communist expansion in Asia. The Australian population was divided when it came to sending Australian soldiers to the Vietnam to help the America in the war. By placing Diem on a pedestal, the Australian government and media were clearly aligning themselves with the United States. Why Australia became involved in the Vietnam War: The reasons as to why Australia became involved i n the Vietnam War have been traditionally painted in the colours of "collective security" and as part of the anti -Communist "crusade" to contain a world wide communist threat. Citation information 2. “During the Year of the Monkey [1968] the [Australian] press, which had generally supported the war or stuck to feel good stories of heroism and mateship, vigorously changed its tune. The “domino theory”, was if on nation fell under communist domination, its neighbours would fall like a line of dominoes. Australia continued supplying financial aid and equipment to South Vietnam and other SEATO protectorates. However, the decision to become involved But history has largely forgotten the main reasons Australia went to war, because the history of the Vietnam war has largely been analysed from a US perspective. Following the end of the Second World War the French had sought to reassert control over French Indochina, which had been occupied by Japan. If South Vietnam were to fall to communism, and as the domino effect theory suggested would happen – other Asian countries like Thailand, Myanmar and Malaya were to follow. Menzies retired from politics in early 1966, aged 72, and was replaced by his deputy leader, Harold Holt. Get Your Custom Essay on, Explain the Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, Year 10 Australian History: the Vietnam War, Vietnam Research Paper Vietnam should the, https://graduateway.com/explain-the-reasons-for-australias-involvement-in-the-vietnam-war/, Get your custom The Gulf of Tonkin incident and the direct involvement of US troops caused a shift in Australia’s position. By TONY DURAS [email protected] This article is based on a honours thesis entitled "Peace is trade union business : Trade union opposition to Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war, 1965 - 72" Trade union opposition to Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam war did not emerge fully-formed in 1965. Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War By Taylor, Aleisha and Alec. They constructed an airstrip and major base at Nui Dat, then worked to clear the surrounding area of Viet Cong. The following year he attempted to ban the CPA, declaring it an illegal organisation. Part B. In 1950, as the communist-backed Việt Minh, led by Ho Chi Minh, began to gain the ascendency in the First Indochina War, the Vietnamese nation had two p… Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War from 1962-1975 has been the country’s longest military involvement in duration of any war. Vietnam is a country in south-east Asia. The advance of Japanese imperial forces into the Asia-Pacific brought an aggressive imperial power clo… Australia responded with 30 military advisers. Robert Menzies, then leader of Australia’s opposition party, played up this communist threat. The Tet Offensive in early 1968 eroded Australia’s confidence about the progress of the war. This Vietnam War website is created and maintained by Alpha History. Under the terms of ANZUS, if one of the three signatories was attacked for a foreign power, the others were required to assist. Vietnam remained Australia’s longest war until Afghanistan. American troops were extensively based in Australia for the duration of World War II. There were two important reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War: 1.Fear of Communism 2. The conservative press and politicians blamed these strikes on the CPA, which they blamed for industrial destabilisation. Around 100 … For more information, visit Alpha History or our Terms of Use. Australians operated in smaller units, usually platoons. In December 1949, Menzies became prime minister after a decisive election victory. (2017, Mar 06). Australian’s were feared because of the invasion of North Korean communists into democratic South Korea in the 1950s was seen as a threat to democracy. Australian forces assisted South Vietnam and the United States in the Vietnam War. Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War started in 1962-75. What reasons were given for joining the war? In August 1964 the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) also sent a flight of Caribou transports to the port town of Vung Tau. Also, Australia signed the ANZUS agreement in 1951, which included Australia, New Zealand and the United States to come help one another if in the event of attack. It has decided to send Australian soldiers into a savage, revolutionary war in which the Americans are grievously involved, so that America may shelve a tiny part of her embarrassment… In 1966, Australian forces were given responsibility for Phuoc Tuy province, 50 miles east of Saigon. In 1954 Australia became a foundation member of the South-East Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO). In Menzies’ case, it masked the true reasons for the offer: Australia’s fear of Sukarno’s Indonesia and the need for American security. 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